Sanskrit is the classical language of Indian and the liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. It is also one of the 22 official languages of India. The name Sanskrit means “refined”, “consecrated” and “sanctified”. It has always been regarded as the ‘high’ language and used mainly for religious and scientific discourse.
Patanjali wrote his work in Sanskrit. As a result, the names of the postures are in the original Sanskrit language, a language which was in use in ancient India but is now known only to a few. It is very interesting to analyze these terms and find out that each posture has its specific meaning. While some postures are nominated according to birds, animals, trees etc., others are named after some saints or Hindu gods according to their nature, personality and action. Thus, a practitioner should know the meaning of the postures. When he practices a posture, he must be aware of its qualities, characteristics, advantages and nature.